Title: "Informal Assessment"

By: Stephanie Martinez

Edited By: Krystal Billeck and Heather Miller

Textbook Definition: Informal measures of reading that yield useful information about student performance without comparisons to the performance of a normative population.

Description of Lesson: A small group of students met with the teacher at the back table to work phoneme manipulation.

Date Observed: November 8, 2011

Teacher and School: Watson, Creech Elementary School

Grade Level: 1st

Objectives of the Lesson: Students will be able to create new words with the manipulation of phonemes.

  • Word for Word Game
  • Post-its (recording students answers)
  • Notebook paper (students record their words)

Mrs. Watson called a small group of two students to the back table while the rest of the class was working on a making words worksheet. She preselected a few yellow cubes, which had two red letters on each of them, and a few blue cubes, which had one letter on them. She asked the students, "Have either of you seen these blocks before?" and the students replied with a no. Mrs. Watson explained to the student that they were going to try to make words with the cubes by choosing one yellow and one blue cube and snapping them together to create a word. She gave an example by taking a yellow cube with the letters "ad" on them and a blue cube with the letter "m" on it and asked the students if they knew what the word was. One student was trying to sound it out letter by letter and succeeded and said, "mad". Mrs. Watson then turned the "m" cube to show the letter "c" and clicked it with the "ad" and asked the students if it created a word. The students said "cad" and Mrs. Watson asked, "Is it a word?" One student said "yes" and the other said "no". Mrs. Watson said, "You're right, Student A, it is not a word." She then told the students to grab their own yellow and blue cube and try to create a word and if you find one, write it on your notebook paper.

Mrs. Watson listened and watched the students to see if they could manipulate the phonemes to create words. She wrote down on a post-it (names of the students on top of the post-its) whether they were comprehending the activity and could manipulate the letters to create new words. She would also write down whether or not they students needed extra help.

Supporting Documents:


My Observations: The students seemed to enjoy the activity because it felt like a game to them. One student seemed to like it more than the other. The one who wasn't enjoying it as much, seemed to struggle more with making words, which in turn, frustrated her.

Benefits of Informal Assessment: It helps teachers to see what a student needs further help on. It also benefits the students because they can later gain extra help from the teacher.

Drawbacks of Informal Assessment: The students may feel like they are being "called out" since they are being pulled from the rest of the class.